India ICZM Project (World Bank Aided)


  • To Improve the water availability for the population
  • To contribute towards increased understanding and acceptance of the need to protect, conserve and manage coastal natural resources
  • To ensure safety to human life during natural disasters
  • To ensure protection of economically and environmental sensitive areas trough habitat restoration programs and develop management action programs for their sustainable development
  • To develop alternative livelihood sources such as resource augmentation means, cultural and eco-tourism for the coastal population affected due to habitat restoration and resource conservation programs
  • To develop a mechanism for sound management of quality of the environment.
  • To promote environmentally, socially and co-sectoral compatible development activities along the coast

Funded by

  • The World Bank

Size of funding

  • approx RS. 270 crores

Description of project

Hither to, the approach to managing India's coastal zone has been a purely regulatory one, as per the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification of 1991, promulgated under the Environment Protection Act of 1986. This approach does not seem to provide room to balance coastal zone conservation and necessary economic growth in the area or seek convergence with other development activities. Increasing developmental pressure during the last decade led to inadvertant violations of legal provisions and the economic sector simultaneously demanded for rationalizing the present regulatory measures.

In July 2004, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) constituted an Expert Committee, under the chairmanship of Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, to carry out a comprehensive review of the Coastal Regulation Zone notifications, taking into account the findings and recommendations of all previous committees, judicial pronouncements to representations from various stakeholders and suggest suitable amendments. The committee also had the mandate to make the regulatory framework consistent with well established scientific principles of coastal zone management and more flexible, depending on the local characteristics of the coastal zone stretches to be protected.

The overall objective of the India Integrated Coastal Zone Management Programme is to support the Government of India and selected states in developing and implementing an improved strategic management approach for India's coastal zones to preserve the long-term productivity of this highly populated region for continued sustainable development and economic growth. The objective of the project will be achieved through a combination of targeted capacity building interventions and demonstrative investments that would enhance the implementation capacity of responsible agencies. The project will promote an integrated approach for coastal zone management which builds on the findings and recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee Report and on a framework of multi- sectoral and multi-disciplinary involvement. Based on discussions with the Government of India, the project support will include technical assistance and investments to support three key areas:

Component I - Vulnerability and Ecological Mapping

This component would include flood and erosional vulnerability and Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESAs) mapping and delimitation of different categories of coastal zones to be regulated for conservation and for protection against natural hazards. This would comprise delimitation and mapping of coastal ecosystems and ecologically sensitive areas; demarcation of hazard zones susceptible to natural disasters and flooding; and verification and pilot assessments before revised national delimitation is undertaken. It would also take into account forecast impacts of climate change as applicable.

Component II-National Institution Building and Capacity Strengthening

This component would include support to establish and operationalize a National Institute for Sustainable Coastal Zone Management, capacity building and strengthening of this Institute as well as of MoEF, and to develop relevant regulations and institutional setups guiding the linkages between the Centre and the states in order to develop the nationwide approach to coastal zone management. This component will also be designed to actively link to the state-level institutional strengthening and capacity building in ICZM under Component III.

Component III-Development and implementation of state-level approaches to Integrated Coastal Zone Management

In this component, state-level approaches to ICZM would be developed and pilot projects would be implemented in specific geographical areas. Focus would be on 3 selected states Gujarat, Orissa, and West Bengal. These selected states present a number of issues to be tackled that could be used for lessons learned and future dissemination in other states. This component would thus focus on strengthening and capacity building of 3 state-level Coastal Zone Management Authorities and their linkage with the national coastal zone management system and demonstration investments in critical areas related to conservation of the coastal environment, which would test the practical application of the integrated coastal zone management approach in those states.This would include development of integrated CZM plans and operational models for integrated coastal zone management that could provide lessons for scaling-up. Gujarat is one of the States identified to implement State level pilot investment programmes under ICZMP.

Gulf of Kachchh is identified as Project area to implement the state level pilot investment in Gujarat due to its unique conditions as ecological & economical hub in the state. Based on the various environmental issues identified six various pilot investments have been proposed under the Project. There are 6 agencies (State Forest Department, Gujarat Ecology Commission, Gujarat Ecological Education & Research Foundation (GEER), Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Application and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Gujarat Pollution Control Board etc) will work together for Management of Coastal Zone in the state under this project.MS,GEC will be the Project Director for this project in Gujarat State. The total pilot investment is estimated to be around Rs. 270 crores.

Major Thrust Areas for ICZM Project in Gujarat

  • Increase mangrove cover in the state
  • Enhancement of capacity of coastal communities to manage coastal zone
  • Pollution abatement
  • Conservation and management of marine national park & sanctuary
  • Data base creation
  • Coral conservation through transplantation (first time in the state)
  • Coastal water pollution monitoring
  • Sewerage treatment for jamnagar city


Date of commencement

  • Yet to commence

Due date

  • 5 Years from the date of commencement

Publications/Outcomes/Reports/News clippings/Photos

  • State Project Report
  • Detailed Project Report
  • Draft Procurement Mannual
  • Draft Financial Management Manual-ICZM
  • Draft Communication Plan for ICZM
  • Procurment Strategy GR for ICZM
  • Executive Summary
  • Executive Summary Gujarati
  • Constitution of PMU GR

Please send your comments or suggestions on Draft Procurement Mannual, Draft Financial Management Manual and Draft Communication Plan, Executive Summary to our email id

  • Approval of ICZMP Project News Clip
  • Approval of ICZMP Project News Clip
  • Minutes Steering Committee
  • Tender Document

Project Manager Name

  • Nischal Joshi

Designation & e-mail

Status (Active/Closed)

  • Proposed

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